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On the Use of Numeraires in Option pricing


  • Benninga, Simon

    () (Faculty of Management, Tel Aviv University)

  • Björk, Tomas

    () (Dept. of Finance, Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Wiener, Zvi

    () (School of Business, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)


In this paper we discuss the significant computational simplification that occurs when option pricing is approached through the change of numeraire technique. The original impetus was a recently published paper (Hoang, Powell, Shi 1999) on endowment options; in the present paper we extend these results to the case of stochastic interest rates. We also discuss four additional option pricing problems within the framework of a change of numeraire: 1. Pricing savings plans which incorporate a choice of linkage. 2. Pricing convertible bonds. 3. Pricing employee stock ownership plans 4. Pricing options where the strike price is in a currency different from the stock price.

Suggested Citation

  • Benninga, Simon & Björk, Tomas & Wiener, Zvi, 2002. "On the Use of Numeraires in Option pricing," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 484, Stockholm School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0484
    Note: submitted

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chip Heath & Steven Huddart & Mark Lang, 1999. "Psychological Factors and Stock Option Exercise," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(2), pages 601-627.
    2. Jamshidian, Farshid, 1989. " An Exact Bond Option Formula," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(1), pages 205-209, March.
    3. Brenner, Menachem & Galai, Dan, 1978. "The determinants of the return on index bonds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 47-64, June.
    4. Harrison, J. Michael & Pliska, Stanley R., 1981. "Martingales and stochastic integrals in the theory of continuous trading," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 215-260, August.
    5. Brennan, M J & Schwartz, Eduardo S, 1977. "Convertible Bonds: Valuation and Optimal Strategies for Call and Conversion," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(5), pages 1699-1715, December.
    6. Margrabe, William, 1978. "The Value of an Option to Exchange One Asset for Another," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 33(1), pages 177-186, March.
    7. Fischer, Stanley, 1978. "Call Option Pricing when the Exercise Price Is Uncertain, and the Valuation of Index Bonds," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 33(1), pages 169-176, March.
    8. Huddart, Steven, 1994. "Employee stock options," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 207-231, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bjork, Tomas, 2009. "Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 3, number 9780199574742.
    2. Yoram Landskroner & Alon Raviv, 2008. "The valuation of inflation‐indexed and FX convertible bonds," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(7), pages 634-655, July.
    3. Jui‐Jane Chang & Son‐Nan Chen & Ting‐Pin Wu, 2013. "Currency‐Protected Swaps and Swaptions with Nonzero Spreads in a Multicurrency LMM," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(9), pages 827-867, September.
    4. Markus Leippold & Zvi Wiener, 2005. "Efficient Calibration of Trinomial Trees for One-Factor Short Rate Models," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 213-239, October.
    5. Hyong-chol O & Yong-hwa Ro & Ning Wan, 2014. "A Method of Reducing Dimension of Space Variables in Multi-dimensional Black-Scholes Equations," Papers 1406.2053,
    6. Carr, Peter & Wu, Liuren, 2004. "Time-changed Levy processes and option pricing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 113-141, January.
    7. Nikolai Dokuchaev, 2011. "On martingale measures and pricing for continuous bond-stock market with stochastic bond," Papers 1108.0719,, revised Sep 2014.
    8. Ravi Kashyap, 2016. "Securities Lending Strategies, Valuation of Term Loans using Option Theory," Papers 1609.01274,, revised Nov 2016.
    9. Hyong-chol O & Yong-hwa Ro & Ning Wan, 2013. "The Use of Numeraires in Multi-dimensional Black-Scholes Partial Differential Equations," Papers 1310.8296,, revised Jul 2014.
    10. Massoud Heidari & Liuren WU, 2002. "Are Interest Rate Derivatives Spanned by the Term Structure of Interest Rates?," Finance 0207013, EconWPA.

    More about this item


    Numeraire; option; convertible bond;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing

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