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Changing Export Structure According to Income Elasticity - Kaldor revisited

  • Nilsson, Desirée


    (CESIS and JIBS)

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    The competition for market shares has taken various routes over the years. The first factor that perhaps spring to mind is prices. Studies have also shown that advanced technology and superior quality of products are important in the competition for market shares. The purpose of this study is to explore whether changes in export and production structures in the OECD countries tend to incorporate the income sensitivity of demand for products and if a strategy of this kind is beneficial for the development of market shares. The theoretical framework is provided by Kaldor (1957, 1967 and 1970) and by the concept of non-homothetic preferences, first established by Engel (1857 and 1881). The results show that there has been an increased focus on high-income elastic products among the OECD countries. The strategy of concentrating export and production to the high income elastic products also seems to generate increases in market shares

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    Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 92.

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    Length: 42 pages
    Date of creation: 08 Aug 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0092
    Contact details of provider: Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
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    1. Fagerberg, Jan, 1988. "International Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 355-74, June.
    2. Foellmi, Reto & Zweimüller, Josef, 2002. "Structural Change and the Kaldor Facts of Economic Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 472, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Wendy Carlin & Andrew Glyn & John Van Reenen, 1999. "Export Market Performance of OECD countries: an empirical examination of the role of cost competitiveness," IFS Working Papers W99/22, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Kiminori Matsuyama, 1999. "A Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods under Non-homothetic Preferences: Demand Complementarities, Income Distribution, and North-South Trade," Discussion Papers 1241, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    5. Landesmann, M. & Snell, A., 1990. "Structural Shifts In The Manufacturing Export Performance Of Oecd Economics," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9011, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    6. Fagerberg, Jan, 1996. "Technology and Competitiveness," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(3), pages 39-51, Autumn.
    7. Jan Fagerberg & Mark Knell & Martin Srholec, 2004. "The Competitiveness of Nations: Economic Growth in the ECE Region," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20040223, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    8. Kaldor, Nicholas, 1970. "The Case for Regional Policies," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 17(3), pages 337-48, November.
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