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Technology and Competitiveness


  • Jan Fagerberg

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)


This paper reviews the literature on technology and competitiveness. First, the concept of the international competitiveness of a country, and various theoretical approaches on the relationship between trade and growth, are discussed. Then a number of empirical studies of the impact of technology (as evidenced by R&D, patents, etc.) on exports are examined. The final section summarizes the evidence and considers the lessons for policy.

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  • Jan Fagerberg, 1996. "Technology and Competitiveness," Working Papers Archives 1996548, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tik:wparch:1996548 Note: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Oxford Review of Economic Policy following peer review. The version of record (Fagerberg, J. 1996. Technology and competitiveness, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 12 (3): 39-51) is available online at (doi: 10.1093/oxrep/12.3.39).

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John Conlisk, 1989. "An Aggregate Model of Technical Change," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(4), pages 787-821.
    2. Cooke, Philip & Gomez Uranga, Mikel & Etxebarria, Goio, 1997. "Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(4-5), pages 475-491, December.
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