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The Competitiveness of Nations: Economic Growth in the ECE Region


  • Jan Fagerberg

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)

  • Mark Knell
  • Martin Srholec

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)


Why do some countries grow much faster, and have much better trade performance, than other countries? What are the crucial factors behind such differences, and what can governments do in order to improve the relative position of their economies? This paper outlines a synthetic framework, based on Schumpeterian logic, for analysing such questions. Four different aspects of competitiveness are identified; technology, costs, capacity and demand. The framework is applied to a sample of 49 countries between 1993 and 2001.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fagerberg & Mark Knell & Martin Srholec, 2004. "The Competitiveness of Nations: Economic Growth in the ECE Region," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20040223, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tik:inowpp:20040223
    Note: Presented at the UNECE Spring Seminar, Competitiveness and Economic Growth in the ECE Region, Geneva, February 23, 2004.

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    Cited by:

    1. Panagiotis Liargovas & Spyridon Repousis, 2015. "Development Paths in the Knowledge Economy: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Greece," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 6(4), pages 1063-1077, December.
    2. Bayangos, V.B. & Jansen, K., 2010. "Remittances and competitiveness," ISS Working Papers - General Series 18701, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    3. Zhang, Sufang, 2012. "International competitiveness of China's wind turbine manufacturing industry and implications for future development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3903-3909.
    4. Ana Bobirca, 2007. "Assessing the International Competitiveness of Tourism Services Trade," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 10(23), pages 29-43, June.
    5. Aneta Jarosz-Angowska & Anna Nowak & Elżbieta Kołodziej & Hanna Klikocka, 2022. "Effect of European Integration on the Competitiveness of the Agricultural Sector in New Member States (EU-13) on the Internal EU Market," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(20), pages 1-23, October.
    6. Iwona Bąk & Katarzyna Wawrzyniak & Maciej Oesterreich, 2022. "Competitiveness of the Regions of the European Union in a Sustainable Knowledge-Based Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-22, March.
    7. Nilsson, Desirée, 2007. "Changing Export Structure According to Income Elasticity - Kaldor revisited," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 92, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    8. Katarzyna Łukiewska & Małgorzata Juchniewicz, 2021. "Identification of the Relationships between Competitive Potential and Competitive Position of the Food Industry in the European Union," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(8), pages 1-13, April.
    9. Gács, János, 2005. "A lisszaboni folyamat - egy hosszú távú stratégia rejtélyei, elméleti problémái és gyakorlati nehézségei [The Lisbon Process: puzzles, theoretical problems and practical difficulties of a long-term," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 205-230.
    10. Milan Žák & Petr Vymětal, 2006. "Institucionální aspekty nové komparativní ekonomie: ČR a EU [Institutional aspects of new comparative economy: Czech republic and European union]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2006(5), pages 583-609.
    11. Djula Borozan & Sanja Pfeifer, 2005. "Unveiling Croatian International Competitiveness Through Export Performance," JOURNAL STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI NEGOTIA, Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Business.
    12. Mariusz Hamulczuk & Karolina Pawlak, 2022. "Determinants for international competitiveness of the food industry in 43 countries worldwide: evidence from panel models," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 17(3), pages 635-667, September.
    13. Amavilah, Voxi Heinrich, 2007. "The effects of technology-as-knowledge on the economic performance of developing countries: An econometric analysis using annual publications data for Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa, 1976-2004," MPRA Paper 3482, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Jana Sereghyová, 2004. "Konkurenceschopnost Evropské unie v podmínkách globalizace," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2004(3), pages 143-168.
    15. Otilia MANTA, 2019. "The Competitiveness Pillar Of The Sustainable Development Of The Business Environment," Internal Auditing and Risk Management, Athenaeum University of Bucharest, vol. 55(3), pages 50-75, September.
    16. Bayangos, Veronica & Jansen, Karel, 2011. "Remittances and Competitiveness: The Case of the Philippines," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 1834-1846.
    17. Toma Sorin-George & Marinescu Paul & Ianole Rodica, 2008. "Competitiveness In The Age Of Globalization. The Case Of Romania," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 2(1), pages 507-511, May.
    18. Jan Fagerberg & Martin Srholec, 2005. "Catching up: What are the Critical Factors for success?," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20050401, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    19. Ioanna Kastelli & Yannis D. Caloghirou, 2014. "The impact of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship on the growth and competitiveness of European traditional industries," Chapters, in: Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen & Isabel Schwinge (ed.), Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship in Low-Tech Industries, chapter 4, pages 67-92, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    20. Mihaela-Nona Chilian & Marioara Iordan & Carmen Beatrice Pauna, 2016. "Real and structural convergence in the Romanian counties in the pre-accession and post-accession periods," ERSA conference papers ersa16p320, European Regional Science Association.

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