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The Effects of Labor Strikes on Consumer Demand: A Re-examination of Major League Baseball


  • Victor Matheson

    () (Department of Economics, College of the Holy Cross)


Previous research has concluded that the 1981 and 1994/95 Major League Baseball (MLB) strikes have caused short-term losses in attendance but have not resulted in any long-term effects on attendance. While total attendance at MLB games following the 1994/95 strike has recovered to its pre-strike levels, this has been done only through the construction of new stadiums at an unprecedented pace which cannot continue into the future. After accounting for stadium effects, average MLB baseball attendance has dropped significantly since the 1994/95 strike.

Suggested Citation

  • Victor Matheson, 2004. "The Effects of Labor Strikes on Consumer Demand: A Re-examination of Major League Baseball," Working Papers 0405, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hcx:wpaper:0405

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    File Function: Revised, abbreviated version, 2004
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Martin B. Schmidt & David J. Berri, 2004. "The Impact of Labor Strikes on Consumer Demand: An Application to Professional Sports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 344-357, March.
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    More about this item


    baseball; strikes; sports; attendance;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • J52 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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