Optimal linear redistributive tax and pension systems with flexible labor supply
The tax system redistributes labor incomes among workers, the pension system redistributes incomes from workers to pensioners. We consider a linear transfer system, where workers pay pension contributions and personal income taxes and pensioners receive proportional benefits, while workers and pensioners enjoy basic income. Every worker maximizes his discounted lifetime utility function, depending on young- and old-age consumption plus leisure. The government chooses a transfer system which maximizes the undiscounted social welfare function. Our major result is as follows: The optimal transfer system balances the efficiency of proportional pensions and the guarantee of the basic income.
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- Andras Simonovits, 2012. "Means-tested or Flat Pension? Pension Credit," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1221, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
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- Andras Simonovits, 2009. "Underreported earnings and age-specific income redistribution in post-socialist economies," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0927, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
- Richard Disney, 2004. "Are contributions to public pension programmes a tax on employment?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 19(39), pages 267-311, 07.
- Andersen, Torben M., 2012. "Fiscal sustainability and demographics – Should we save or work more?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 264-280.
- Varian, Hal R., 1980. "Redistributive taxation as social insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 49-68, August.
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