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Ouverture commerciale et croissance économique en RD Congo : une analyse en équilibre générale calculable

Author

Listed:
  • Gilles Umba

    (UNIKIN - University of Kinshasa)

Abstract

Ce papier analyse les effets de l'ouverture commerciale sur la croissance économique en République Démocratique du Congo. Les analyses empiriques menées ont été divergentes sur les effets réels de pareilles mesures sur le comportement des variables macroéconomiques d'un pays. La plupart voient un des pareilles politiques un catalyseur de croissance alors que d'autre les perçoivent comme nuisible à la production et la compétitivité. En vue de saisir les différents effets de l'ouverture commerciale, ce travail envisage une analyse en équilibre général dynamique simple en simulant un abaissement progressif des barrières tarifaires de 2015 à 2029. Les simulations menées révèlent cependant un effet net négatif sur la croissance économique des effets de l'ouverture commerciale. Toutefois, cet impact négatif pourrait se résorber par la poursuite des réformes structurelles visant à améliorer la compétitivité et à diversifier l'économie.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles Umba, 2015. "Ouverture commerciale et croissance économique en RD Congo : une analyse en équilibre générale calculable," Working Papers hal-01184117, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01184117
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.science/hal-01184117
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ouverture; croissance économique; modèles d'équilibre général;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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