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The New Regionalism: Causes and Consequences

Author

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  • Scott L. Baier
  • Jeffrey H. Bergstrand
  • Peter Egger

Abstract

We address three themes on the New Regionalism. First, the prominent analogy to a “spaghetti bowl” of economic integration agreements (EIAs) should be replaced by reference to a « market » for EIAs. We suggest a systematic economic framework for analyzing « competitive liberalization » of governments in a static, long-run context. Second, we address why ex post measurements of the average (treatment) effects of EIAs on trade seem so « small ». Third, after addressing evidence for long-run determinants of competitive liberalization, we discuss how one might conceptualize the process by which governments select into EIAs over time, that is, the growth of regionalism.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott L. Baier & Jeffrey H. Bergstrand & Peter Egger, 2007. "The New Regionalism: Causes and Consequences," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 109, pages 9-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2007-1ta
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev109/rev109a.htm
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    Cited by:

    1. Baldwin, Richard & Jaimovich, Dany, 2012. "Are Free Trade Agreements contagious?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 1-16.
    2. UMBA, Gilles, 2013. "Ouverture commerciale et croissance économique en RD Congo : une analyse en équilibre général calculable
      [Trade openness and economic growth in the DR Congo : an analysis in a computable general eq
      ," MPRA Paper 66092, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 Aug 2015.
    3. Chen, Maggie Xiaoyang & Joshi, Sumit, 2010. "Third-country effects on the formation of free trade agreements," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 238-248, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade; gravity equation; Free Trade Agreements; international trade; gravity model; international trade models and databases;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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