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New financial architecture and regional monetary integration in Latin America


  • Jean-François Ponsot

    () (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Reducing transaction costs and the need for international reserves is a primary objective to the establishment of regional payment agreements. Another objective, especially in the case of Latin America where the Ecuadorian promoters of the Bank of the South and the New Architecture are planning the implement of a regional clearing system, is to reduce member countries dependence on the US dollar as an international standard and reserve currency. To help improving the design of such agreements this paper refers to the plan Keynes designed for the Bretton Woods Conference. First, it observes that cases were made against this plan from which useful lessons may still be drawn. Second, it shows that Keynes defined a system for exchanging domestic currencies for each other that can be improved and help design currency unions in accordance with their promoters'objectives.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-François Ponsot, 2009. "New financial architecture and regional monetary integration in Latin America," Post-Print halshs-00390436, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00390436
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Davidson, Paul, 1972. "Money and the Real World," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(325), pages 101-115, March.
    2. Claude Gnos & Louis-Philippe Rochon, 2004. "Reforming the international financial and monetary system: from Keynes to Davidson and Stiglitz," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(4), pages 613-629.
    3. McKinnon, Ronald I, 1993. "The Rules of the Game: International Money in Historical Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(1), pages 1-44, March.
    4. Jean-François Ponsot, 2006. "Dollarization and the hegemonic status of the US dollar," Post-Print halshs-00191564, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ilene Grabel, 2011. "Promising Avenues, False Starts and Dead Ends: Global Governance and Development Finance in the Wake of the Crisis," Working Papers wp241_revised, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    2. Fritz, Barbara & Biancareli, André & Mühlich, Laurissa, 2012. "Regional payment systems: A comparative perspective on Europe and the developing world," Discussion Papers 2012/10, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
    3. Ilene Grabel, 2010. "Promising Avenues, False Starts and Dead Ends: Global Governance and Development Finance in the Wake of the Crisis," Working Papers wp241, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    4. Garcia Rocabado, Daniel, 2010. "The road to monetary union in Latin America: An EMS-type fixed exchange rate system as an intermediate step," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 85, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.


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