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Le secteur informel en Afrique de l'Ouest : enjeux et perspectives


  • Omar Thiam

    () (Bem Dakar)


Faced with the real opportunities of African economies (high growth, increased direct investment abroad, infrastructure development..), the sub-Saharan economies remain marked by a dualism, on the one hand a dynamic and complex informal economy, and on the other hand a highly formalized sector with its constraints. This dichotomy is a source of limits and strong economic impacts (decrease of productivity, loss of tax revenue, endemic public deficit, brake on foreign investment, etc.) thus limiting their attractiveness and competitiveness. In the light of research carried out in recent years in some Francophone countries, more than ever, a structural but gradual transformation of the ecosystem would be a considerable asset to secure growth, participate actively in the world trade, provide quality jobs for young people, and improve the dynamics of sub-Saharan countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Omar Thiam, 2018. "Le secteur informel en Afrique de l'Ouest : enjeux et perspectives," Post-Print hal-02159695, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02159695
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grimm, Michael & Knorringa, Peter & Lay, Jann, 2012. "Constrained Gazelles: High Potentials in West Africa’s Informal Economy," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 1352-1368.
    2. Rafael La Porta & Andrei Shleifer, 2008. "The Unofficial Economy and Economic Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 39(2 (Fall)), pages 275-363.
    3. Casson, Mark C. & Della Giusta, Marina & Kambhampati, Uma S., 2010. "Formal and Informal Institutions and Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 137-141, February.
    4. repec:hrv:faseco:33078210 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Dabla-Norris, Era & Gradstein, Mark & Inchauste, Gabriela, 2008. "What causes firms to hide output? The determinants of informality," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1-2), pages 1-27, February.
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    More about this item


    productivity and informal; Informal sector; large informal; small informal; secteur informel; gros informel; petit informel; productivité et informel;

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