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Histoire de la dynamique territoriale de l’industrie. Le rôle de la demande de travail

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  • Francis Aubert
  • Carl Gaigné

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the role of labour demand in the spatial organisation of industry since the “Proto-Industrialisation”. After presenting the spatial dimension of the labour demand, we propose different periods of the spatial evolution of industry. The first phase of the industrialisation process is characterised by a dispersion in rural areas where production units benefit from low costs and flexibility of labour force. In the second period, industrial activities first favour the urbanisation of small towns in order to stabilise the labour supply outside large old cities. Then, the development of technology prompts industry to locate in these historic cities because of thick;and diversified urban labour markets. Finally, the third phase is specified by a spread of industry from city to suburbs and, then, rural areas where the organisation of labour markets is dissociated from urban labour markets.
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Suggested Citation

  • Francis Aubert & Carl Gaigné, 2005. "Histoire de la dynamique territoriale de l’industrie. Le rôle de la demande de travail," Post-Print hal-01201103, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01201103
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01201103
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    1. Jacques-François Thisse & Etienne Wasmer & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Ségrégation urbaine, logement et marchés du travail," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(4), pages 85-129.
    2. Oded Galor & Omer Moav, 2000. "Das Human Kapital," Working Papers 2000-17, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    3. James, John A. & Skinner, Jonathan S., 1985. "The Resolution of the Labor-Scarcity Paradox," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 45(03), pages 513-540, September.
    4. Bryden, John & Bollman, Ray, 2000. "Rural employment in industrialised countries," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 185-197, March.
    5. Ogilvie,Sheilagh & Cerman,Markus (ed.), 1996. "European Proto-Industrialization," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521497381.
    6. Mendels, Franklin F., 1972. "Proto-industrialization: The First Phase of the Industrialization Process," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(01), pages 241-261, March.
    7. Ogilvie,Sheilagh & Cerman,Markus (ed.), 1996. "European Proto-Industrialization," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521497602.
    8. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1993. "Labor Demand and the Source of Adjustment Costs," NBER Working Papers 4394, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/8984 is not listed on IDEAS
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