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Ségrégation urbaine, logement et marchés du travail

Listed author(s):
  • THISSE, Jacques-François
  • WASMER, Etienne
  • ZENOU, Yves

D’entrée de jeu, trois remarques s’imposent. En premier lieu, les recherches effectuées au cours des deux dernières décennies ont permis de mieux comprendre la dimension économique des mécanismes d’exclusion, du moins tels qu’on les connaît dans les villes nord-américaines. En France, et plus généralement en Europe continentale, les données et études portant sur la composante économique de ces problèmes sont rares. En dépit de la richesse des travaux consacrés à ces sujets, peu connus des économistes français, l’impression prévaut que l’économie n’a rien à dire en la matière. Malgré l’absence de données précises sur la nature et l’intensité de la ségrégation dans les villes françaises, il est cependant possible d’énoncer un certain nombre de principes que devrait suivre une politique urbaine plus efficace. Sans nécessairement faire nôtres les propos de Karl Marx pour qui « Le pays qui est industriellement le plus avancé ne fait que montrer au pays moins développé l’image de l’avenir qui l’attend » (préface du Capital), nous pensons que cette opinion contient une part de vérité suffisante pour que nous ayons pas mal de choses à apprendre en étudiant la réalité économique et sociale des Etats-Unis (...).

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.2003.1473
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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers RP with number 1608.

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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:1608
Note: In : Revue française d'économie, 4(17), 85-129, 2003
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