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Detecting unsustainable pressures exerted on biodiversity by a company. Application to the food portfolio of a retailer

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  • Anastasia Wolff

    () (EVS - Environnement Ville Société - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJML - Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne - ENSAL - École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INSA Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon - Université de Lyon - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, AgroParisTech, FAYOL-ENSMSE - Département Management responsable et innovation - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de St Etienne - Institut Henri Fayol)

  • Natacha Gondran

    () (FAYOL-ENSMSE - Département Génie de l’environnement et des organisations - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de St Etienne - Institut Henri Fayol, EVS - Environnement Ville Société - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJML - Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne - ENSAL - École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INSA Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon - Université de Lyon - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées)

  • Christian Brodhag

    () (FAYOL-ENSMSE - Département Management responsable et innovation - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de St Etienne - Institut Henri Fayol, EVS - Environnement Ville Société - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJML - Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne - ENSAL - École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INSA Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon - Université de Lyon - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées)

Abstract

Companies are called by institutional organizations to assess their impacts on biodiversity and to take actions to achieve collectively conservation objectives. This paper presents a method to assess whether the pressures exerted by a business and its value chain on biodiversity are compatible with biodiversity conservation. The absolute environmental sustainability assessment framework is used to compare relevant life cycle assessment midpoint and endpoint indicators to the ecological budgets assigned to the company. This approach is illustrated based on the case study of a mass-market retailer with a focus on the pressures exerted by its food portfolio at the agricultural production step. The results indicate that several pressures driving biodiversity loss are not sustainable. The study also highlights the prominent weight of a few product categories in the ecological burden. These findings have implications for mass-market retailers as well as their food value chains and open research perspectives to make such an approach fully operational.

Suggested Citation

  • Anastasia Wolff & Natacha Gondran & Christian Brodhag, 2017. "Detecting unsustainable pressures exerted on biodiversity by a company. Application to the food portfolio of a retailer," Post-Print emse-01575571, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:emse-01575571
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.057
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-01575571
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    File URL: https://hal-emse.ccsd.cnrs.fr/emse-01575571/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Haberl, Helmut & Kastner, Thomas & Schaffartzik, Anke & Ludwiczek, Nikolaus & Erb, Karl-Heinz, 2012. "Global effects of national biomass production and consumption: Austria's embodied HANPP related to agricultural biomass in the year 2000," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 66-73.
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    Keywords

    Life cycle assessment; Biodiversity; Business; Carrying capacity; Sustainability; Corporate social responsibility;

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