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Évaluer le droit du licenciement : comparaison des droits et des procédures, mesure des actions

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  • Thierry Kirat

    () (IRISECREP - Institut de recherche interdisciplinaire en socio-économie - Centres de Recherches et d'Etudes Politiques - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Evelyne Serverin

    () (IRERP - Institut de Recherches et d'Études juridiques sur les Relations Professionnelles - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre)

  • Julie Valentin

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Damien Sauze

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Raphaël Dalmasso

    (IRERP - Institut de Recherches et d'Études juridiques sur les Relations Professionnelles - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre)

Abstract

The article aims at providing an original contribution to the economic assessment of labour law issue. It is based on a theoretical framework shared by economists and jurists which unable an assessment of employment protection legislation in a dynamic perspective focusing on implementation of law and enforcement issues. The article focuses on activation and use of legal rights instead on their sole nominal content. It considers litigation as a relevant basis for assessment of law which permits a reconsideration of both procedures and motives of individual and collective layoffs. The litigation viewpoint is also the basis of a critical assessment of employment protection indicators owing to the fact that they do not capture nor judicial enforcement of labour law nor courts rulings in dismissal cases. An empirical quantitative analysis is then conducted in order to try to explain why labour contract litigation in France decreases sharply since several years. The reasons can be found in two factors: first, a huge trend of job creation in small firms; second, a decrease of the average length of service of fired workers. Finally, the report scrutinizes the argument that a strict regulation of dismissals for economic motives leads the employers to strategically use individual dismissal procedures. The "substitution effect" does not seem to be supported by empirical evidence in the French case.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Kirat & Evelyne Serverin & Julie Valentin & Damien Sauze & Raphaël Dalmasso, 2008. "Évaluer le droit du licenciement : comparaison des droits et des procédures, mesure des actions," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00365518, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00365518
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00365518
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    Cited by:

    1. Camille Signoretto & Julie Valentin, 2012. "Pratiques des employeurs en matière de licenciements : une analyse sur données d'entreprises," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12049, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    2. Nathalie Berta & Camille Signoretto & Julie Valentin, 2010. "La rupture conventionnelle : objectifs officiels versus enjeux implicites," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00560422, HAL.
    3. Camille Signoretto & Julie Valentin, 2012. "Pratiques des employeurs en matière de licenciements : une analyse sur données d'entreprises," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00719764, HAL.
    4. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00719764 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Nathalie Berta & Camille Signoretto & Julie Valentin, 2010. "La rupture conventionnelle : objectifs officiels versus enjeux implicites," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 10101, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dismissal; Employment protection legislation; Litigation; International comparisons; Evaluation of employment law; Licenciement; Législation de protection de l'emploi; Contentieux; Comparaisons internationales; Evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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