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Technical Progress in Transport and the Tourism Area Life Cycle

Author

Listed:
  • Andrew Kato

    () (University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • James Mak

    () (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization)

Abstract

Richard ButlerÕs tourism area life cycle envisions tourism destinations to evolve in stages from exploration to rapid growth followed by slackening, stagnation, and even decline. The eventual slow-down in tourism growth is attributed to the destinations reaching their physical and social carrying capacities. This article examines the evolution of Hawaii as a tourism destination from 1922 to 2009. We demonstrate that tourism growth in Hawaii has declined but not because the destination has reached its carrying capacity but primarily because of the slowdown in technical progress in passenger air transportation and competition from newer destinations. We conclude that for destinations that depend on transportation improvements to attract tourists, technical progress in transport may provide a better explanation of the evolution of their destinations than their carrying capacities.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Kato & James Mak, 2010. "Technical Progress in Transport and the Tourism Area Life Cycle," Working Papers 2010-13, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
  • Handle: RePEc:hae:wpaper:2010-13
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    File URL: http://www.uhero.hawaii.edu/assets/WP_2010-13.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Carl Bonham & Christopher Edmonds & James Mak, 2006. "The Impact of 9/11 and Other Terrible Global Events on Tourism in the U.S. and Hawaii," Economics Study Area Working Papers 87, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tourism Area Life Cycle; Transportation; Technical Progress;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation

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