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Green protectionism: the case of textile-clothing sector (In French)

Author

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  • Stéphane BECUWE (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)
  • Radhouane HASNI (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)

Abstract

This paper analyses the evolution of the textile-clothing sector in Europe. This industry is characterised by China\'s accession to the WTO in 2001 and the dismantling of quotas with the end of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing on 1 January 2005. Since the 90\'s, the European directives on environmental standards and ecolabels have been increased in this industry. Our methodology is based on Factorial Analysis of Correspondence and a Hierarchical Ascendant Classification, to demonstrate the role of environmental standards in the structuring of clothing imported products. A gravity model is used to examine the negative effect of eco-labels on European imports from developing countries which are penalized by the costs of compliance of their products. The success of the spread of eco-labels is that they are an instrument of trade protection. While it is difficult to isolate the impact of environmental standards on trade. Nevertheless, our results confirm their strategic use in the Textile-clothing sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphane BECUWE (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Radhouane HASNI (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2010. "Green protectionism: the case of textile-clothing sector (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2010-10, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2010-10
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugretha.u-bordeaux4.fr/2010/2010-10.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Trela, I. & Whalley, J., 1988. "Do Developing Countries Lose From The Mfa?," University of Western Ontario, The Centre for the Study of International Economic Relations Working Papers 8804c, University of Western Ontario, The Centre for the Study of International Economic Relations.
    2. John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau, 2017. "Quantitative Policy Analysis Of Sanitary, Phytosanitary And Technical Barriers To Trade," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 3, pages 39-62 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    3. Sophie Lavallée & Kristin Bartenstein, 2004. "La régulation et l'harmonisation internationale des programmes d'écolabels sur les produits et les services," CIRANO Working Papers 2004s-40, CIRANO.
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    5. Fischer, Ronald & Serra, Pablo, 2000. "Standards and protection," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 377-400, December.
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    7. Patrick A. Messerlin, 2001. "Measuring the Costs of Protection in Europe: European Commercial Policy in the 2000s," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 102.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ecolabel; Textile-Clothing; Green protectionism; Factorial analysis of correspondence; rnHierarchical Ascendant Classification; Gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather Goods; Household Goods; Sports Equipment
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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