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Trade pessimism and regionalism in African countries: the case of groundnut exporters


  • Badiane, Ousmane
  • Kinteh, Sambouh


Agricultural exports, which have traditionally been the mainstay of African economies, have weakened since the 1970s, giving rise to pessimism among policymakers about the prospects for long-term development of overseas export markets. As a result, policies aimed at encouraging trade between African countries have proliferated. In Trade Pessimism and Regionalism in African Countries: The Case of Groundnut Exporters, Research Report 97, Ousmane Badiane and Sambouh Kinteh look at groundnut trade and its effects on production and marketing in the countries that are members of the African Groundnut Council (AGC): The Gambia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan. They investigate related developments on international vegetable oil markets and the potential of regional markets to contribute to the rehabilitation of the groundnut industry in AGC countries. Until the mid-1970s, the groundnut sector contributed 15-40 percent of gross domestic product in AGC countries. With the exception of Nigeria and Sudan, groundnut exports provided 40-90 percent of export revenues during the 1960s and the early 1970s. The share of the rural labor force employed in the groundnut sector varied from 30 to 80 percent in AGC countries other than Nigeria. Between 1961 and 1965, the AGC countries produced 23 percent of the world's groundnuts and had a 62 percent share of world exports of groundnut oil, with the two main exporters, Nigeria and Senegal, accounting for 26 and 23 percent of world exports, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Badiane, Ousmane & Kinteh, Sambouh, 1994. "Trade pessimism and regionalism in African countries: the case of groundnut exporters," Research reports 97, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resrep:97

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    Cited by:

    1. Beghin, John & Diop, Ndiame & Matthey, Holger, 2006. "Groundnut trade liberalization: Could the South help the south?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1016-1036, June.
    2. Carlberg, Eric & Kostandini, Genti & Dankyi, Awere, 2012. "The Effects of Integrated Pest Management Techniques (IPM) Farmer Field Schools on Groundnut Productivity: Evidence from Ghana," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124876, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Longwe-Ngwira, Abiba & Simtowe, Franklin & Siambi, Moses, 2012. "Assessing the Competitiveness of Groundnut Production in Malawi: A Policy Analysis Matrix Approach," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126429, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Tefft, James F. & Yade, Mbaye & Kelly, Valerie A. & Penders, Christopher L. & Staatz, John M., 2000. "Agriculture And Related Sectors In The Cilss Countries: Past Performance And Strategic Choices For The Future," Staff Papers 11547, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    5. Diop, Ndiame & Beghin, John & Sewadeh, Mirvat, 2004. "Groundnut policies, global trade dynamics, and the impact of trade liberalization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3226, The World Bank.
    6. Matthey, Holger & Diop, Ndiame & Beghin, John C. & Sewadeh, Mirvat, 2003. "The Impact Of Groundnut Trade Liberalization: Implication For The Doha Round," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22032, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).


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