A shopkeeper economy
This paper investigates the properties of an economy populated by shopkeepers who monopolistically provide differentiated services at zero marginal cost but positive fixed costs. In this setting, equilibrium output and wealth depend on consumer demand rather than available supply. The “shopkeeper economy” is compared to a standard production-based economy in which wealth is a function only of labor supply and technology. I demonstrate that the existence of producers who face only fixed costs provides a counterexample to the notion that “supply creates its own demand.”
|Date of creation:||2013|
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- Murphy, Daniel, 2013.
"Why are Goods and Services more Expensive in Rich Countries? Demand Complementarities and Cross-Country Price Differences,"
636, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
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- Christopher J. Nekarda & Valerie A. Ramey, 2013. "The Cyclical Behavior of the Price-Cost Markup," NBER Working Papers 19099, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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"Labor Hoarding and the Business Cycle,"
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University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 245-73, April.
- Walter Y. Oi, 1962. "Labor as a Quasi-Fixed Factor," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 538.
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