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Global slack as a determinant of U.S. inflation

Author

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  • Enrique Martínez-García
  • Mark A. Wynne

Abstract

Resource utilization, or "slack," is widely held to be an important determinant of inflation dynamics. As the world has become more globalized in recent decades, some have argued that the concept of slack that is relevant is global rather than domestic (the "global slack hypothesis"). This line of argument is consistent with standard New Keynesian theory. However, the empirical evidence is fragile, at best, possibly because of a disconnect between empirical and theory-consistent measures of output gaps.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique Martínez-García & Mark A. Wynne, 2012. "Global slack as a determinant of U.S. inflation," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 123, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:feddgw:123
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    File URL: http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/institute/wpapers/2012/0123.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John M. Roberts, 2006. "Monetary Policy and Inflation Dynamics," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 2(3), September.
    2. Mark A. Wynne, 2005. "Globalization and monetary policy," Southwest Economy, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Jul, pages 1-8.
    3. Clarida, Richard & Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 2002. "A simple framework for international monetary policy analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 879-904, July.
    4. James A. Orr, 1994. "Has excess capacity abroad reduced U.S. inflationary pressures?," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Sum, pages 101-106.
    5. Geoffrey M.B. Tootell, 1998. "Globalization and U.S. inflation," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Jul, pages 21-33.
    6. Gamber, Edward N & Hung, Juann H, 2001. "Has the Rise in Globalization Reduced U.S. Inflation in the 1990s?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(1), pages 58-73, January.
    7. Enrique Martinez-Garcia & Mark A. Wynne, 2010. "The global slack hypothesis," Staff Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Sep.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Milani, Fabio & Park, Sung Ho, 2015. "The effects of globalization on macroeconomic dynamics in a trade-dependent economy: The case of Korea," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 292-305.
    2. Carsten A. Holz & Aaron Mehrotra, 2016. "Wage and Price Dynamics in China," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(8), pages 1109-1127, August.
    3. Raphael Auer & Claudio Borio & Andrew Filardo, 2017. "The globalisation of inflation: the growing importance of global value chains," BIS Working Papers 602, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Carsten A Holz & Aaron Mehrotra, 2013. "Wage and price dynamics in a large emerging economy: The case of China," BIS Working Papers 409, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Chen, Changsheng & Girardin, Eric & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2017. "Global slack and open economy Phillips curves – A province-level view from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 74-87.

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    Keywords

    Macroeconomics ; Globalization;

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