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Federal Home Loan Bank lending to community banks: are targeted subsidies necessary?

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  • Ben R. Craig
  • James B. Thomson

Abstract

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 extended the lending authority of Federal Home Loan Banks to include advances secured by small-enterprise loans of community financial institutions. The authors examine three possible reasons for the extension of this selective credit subsidy to community banks and thrifts, including the need to subsidize community depository institutions, stabilize the Federal Home Loan Banks, and address a market failure for small enterprise loans in rural banking markets. They use two empirical models to investigate whether funding constraints affect small-business lending decisions by rural community banks. The results reject the hypothesis that access to increased funds will increase the amount of small-business loans made by community banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ben R. Craig & James B. Thomson, 2001. "Federal Home Loan Bank lending to community banks: are targeted subsidies necessary?," Working Papers (Old Series) 0112, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcwp:0112
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2004. "On SBA-guaranteed lending and economic growth," Working Papers (Old Series) 0403, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    2. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2005. "SBA-loan guarantees and local economic growth," Working Papers (Old Series) 0503, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    3. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2007. "Does government intervention in the small-firm credit market help economic performance?," Policy Discussion Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Aug.
    4. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2006. "Small firm credit market discrimination, SBA-guaranteed lending, and local market economic performance," Working Papers (Old Series) 0613, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    5. William James Adams & Ben R. Craig & James B. Thompson, 2006. "Does Small Business Administration guaranteed lending improve economic performance in lowincome areas?," Proceedings: Community Affairs Dept. Conferences, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Jul, pages 55-85.
    6. Ben R. Craig & William E. Jackson & James B. Thomson, 2006. "Small-firm credit markets, SBA-guaranteed lending, and economic performance in low-income areas," Working Papers (Old Series) 0601, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    7. Ben Craig & James Thomson, 2003. "Federal Home Loan Bank Lending to Community Banks: Are Targeted Subsidies Desirable?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 23(1), pages 5-28, February.

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    Keywords

    Small business; Federal home loan banks;

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