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Government and private e-money-like systems: federal reserve notes and national bank notes

Author

Listed:
  • Weber, Warren E.

    () (Bank of Canada, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of South Carolina)

Abstract

The period from 1914 to 1935 in the United States is unique in that it was the only time that both privately issued bank notes (national bank notes) and central-bank-issued bank notes (Federal Reserve notes) were simultaneously in circulation. This paper describes some lessons relevant to e-money from the U.S. experience during this period. It argues that Federal Reserve notes were not issued to be a superior currency to national bank notes. Rather, they were issued to enable the Federal Reserve System to act as a lender of last resort in times of financial stress. It also argues that the reason eventually to eliminate national bank notes was that they were potentially a source of bank reserves. As such, they could have threatened the Federal Reserve System's control of the reserves of the banking system and thereby the Fed's control of monetary policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Weber, Warren E., 2015. "Government and private e-money-like systems: federal reserve notes and national bank notes," FRB Atlanta CenFIS Working Paper 15-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedacf:2015_003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ucp:bkecon:9780226519999 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. W. O. Weyforth, 1925. "The Retirement of National Bank Notes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33, pages 531-531.
    3. Ben Fung & Miguel Molico & Gerald Stuber, 2014. "Electronic Money and Payments: Recent Developments and Issues," Discussion Papers 14-2, Bank of Canada.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank notes; e-money; financial services;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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