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Labour Supply, Unemployment and Income Taxation: An Empirical Application for Finnish Females

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  • Kuismanen Mika

Abstract

Työn tarjontafunktion estimointi on useimmissa tapauksissa perustunut olettamukseen, että yksilöt voivat valita haluamansa työtuntimäärän. Toisen vahvan olettamuksen mukaan yksilöt, jotka eivät ole työskennelleet, eivät halua työskennellä. Molemmat oletukset ovat kumottavissa tarkastelemalla tarkemmin mikrotason aineistoa. Tässä tutkimuksessa sovelletaan Blundellin, Hamin ja Meghirin kehittämää empiiristä mallia, jossa otetaan työn tarjontafunktiota estimoitaessa huomioon työttömät ja työtä etsivät yksilöt. Työssä yleistetään ym. mallia ottamalla huomioon myös ei-lineaarinen tuloverojärjestelmä. Aineistona käytetään työvoimatutkimuksen vuosihaastatteluja vuosilta 1987, 1989, 1991 ja 1993. Saadut estimointitulokset indikoivat, että aikaisemmissa tutkimuksissa saadut palkka- ja tulojoustojen arvot voivat olla ylöspäin harhaisia käytetyn ekonometrisen lähestymistavan vuoksi.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuismanen Mika, 1997. "Labour Supply, Unemployment and Income Taxation: An Empirical Application for Finnish Females," Discussion Papers 145, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:145
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    File URL: https://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/148036
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blomquist, Soren, 1996. "Estimation methods for male labor supply functions How to take account of nonlinear taxes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 383-405, February.
    2. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1981. "Implicit Contracts, Moral Hazard, and Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 301-307, May.
    3. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1984. "Tests for the Bivariate Normal Distribution in Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(4), pages 843-863, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michiel Evers & Ruud de Mooij & Daniel van Vuuren, 2005. "What explains the variation in estimates of labour supply elasticities?," CPB Discussion Paper 51, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    2. Olivier Bargain & Andreas Peichl, 2016. "Own-wage labor supply elasticities: variation across time and estimation methods," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-31, December.
    3. Olivier Bargain & Kristian Orsini & Andreas Peichl, 2014. "Comparing Labor Supply Elasticities in Europe and the United States: New Results," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, pages 723-838.

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