Smoking in Spain: Analysis of Initiation and Cessation
We investigate dynamic aspects of smoking behavior by analyzing the initiation and the cessation of smoking habit in Spain. Some interesting results can be distinguished. First, age at smoking initiation is highly concentrated between 14 and 20: once people reach their early 20s without having smoked, the probability of ever smoking is extremely low. Second, in the probability of entry (or age at smoking initiation), education is not a significant factor for men but it is a dominant factor for women, higher education higher probability of initiation of smoking habit. Third, among those who have ever smoked smoking duration decreases (or quit rate increases) substantially with education level for men but does not so for women. Finally, age at initiation increases the quit rate for men while it has no significant effect for women, and addiction (quantity of daily consumption) reduces the quit rate substantially for women but not so for men. In conclusion, the higher smoking rates among high educated women are due to higher entry rates, while the lower smoking rates among high educated men are due to higher exit rates.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Jones, Andrew M., 1994. "Health, addiction, social interaction and the decision to quit smoking," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 93-110, March.
- Douglas, Stratford, 1998. "The Duration of the Smoking Habit," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(1), pages 49-64, January.
- José Julián Escario & José Alberto Molina, "undated". "Do tobacco taxes reduce lung cancer mortality?," Working Papers 2000-17, FEDEA.
- Sergi Jiménez-Martín & José M. Labeaga & Angel López, 1998. "Participation, heterogeneity and dynamics in tobacco consumption: evidence from cohort data," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(5), pages 401-414.
- Garcia, Jaume & Labeaga, Jose M, 1996. "Alternative Approaches to Modelling Zero Expenditure: An Application to Spanish Demand for Tobacco," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(3), pages 489-506, August.
- Douglas, Stratford & Hariharan, Govind, 1994. "The hazard of starting smoking: Estimates from a split population duration model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 213-230, July.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2001-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carmen Arias)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.