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Sustainable Endogenous Growth and Consumption Inertia: Old habits die hard

Author

Listed:
  • José Belbute

    () (Department of Economics, University of Évora)

  • Paulo Brito

    () (Technical University of Lisbon ? ISEG and UECE)

Abstract

In this paper we study an endogenous growth model with habit-formation and address two questions that are, to the best of our knowledge, new for the sustainable endogenous growth literature: first, does the process of habit-formation influence the stock of environmental capital? Second, does habit-formation affects the long-term rate of economic growth? Using a simple and standard structure of the endogenous growth models, we first show that there may be multiple equilibria, not all stable. Second, the presence of habits in relation to the consumption goods lowers the long term equilibrium level of natural capital and the growth rate of the economy. Third, we highlight the possibility of "win-win" situations. Finally, we show that the presence of habits reduces the effectiveness of any environmental policy that is meant to improve environmental quality. In particular, the stronger the inertia effect, the lesser will be the equilibrium levels of natural capital and the greater will be the net flow of pollutant emissions. At the same time, the economy will grow at a lower rate.

Suggested Citation

  • José Belbute & Paulo Brito, 2005. "Sustainable Endogenous Growth and Consumption Inertia: Old habits die hard," Economics Working Papers 8_2005, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:evo:wpecon:8_2005
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/8430
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jody Overland & Christopher D. Carroll & David N. Weil, 2000. "Saving and Growth with Habit Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 341-355, June.
    2. Sjak Smulders, "undated". "Environmental Policy and Sustainable Economic Growth - an endogenous growth perspective," EPRU Working Paper Series 95-07, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    3. Rebelo, Sergio, 1991. "Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 500-521, June.
    4. Carroll, Christopher D & Overland, Jody & Weil, David N, 1997. "Comparison Utility in a Growth Model," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(4), pages 339-367, December.
    5. Constantinides, George M, 1990. "Habit Formation: A Resolution of the Equity Premium Puzzle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(3), pages 519-543, June.
    6. Becker, Gary S & Murphy, Kevin M, 1988. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(4), pages 675-700, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Endogenous Growth; Sustainability; Environmental Preservation; Habit- Formation;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General
    • Q21 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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