Make or Buy, and/or Cooperate? The Property Rights Approach to Auto Parts Procurement in Japan
We conducted an empirical analysis on the hypothesis on auto parts procurement in Japan, raised by Asanuma (1989; 1992). The Asanuma hypothesis of Japanese subcontractors claims that there is a new classification of auto parts and their producers according to the degree of initiative for product and process designs. The initiative results in "relation-specific skills" acquired by the suppliers in relation to the auto manufacturers in the first tier. Among the responses to the hypothesis, Milgrom and Roberts (1992) and Holmstrom and Roberts (1998) focused upon a role of the supplier association in the Japanese hierarchy system, where communication among the suppliers alleviates opportunistic misbehavior of the automakers. This paper, instead of the reputational role of the association, takes an alternative stand on the technology cooperation association, from the property rights theory, especially a general setup of Whinston (2003). Participation in the associations should be considered as non-contractible investments for the relation-specific skill. The empirical implications of some specified models concern the effects on a vertical integration likelihood of both the importance of buyers' or sellers' non-contractible investments and specificity in the acquired relation-specific skills. We estimate an equation of vertical integration wherein the determinants are dummy variables of the parent firm and the subsidiary's participation in the cooperation associations and variables representing the degree of their relation specificity. The significance and the signs of these variables suggest that, other than a model of exogenous acquisition of relation-specific skills, a model can be also applicable to the Japanese auto parts suppliers-manufacturers, where it is not the manufacturers' but instead are the suppliers' investments which create their own relation-specific skills through the association activities. The Asanuma hypothesis turns out to be alive.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2013|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 11th floor, Annex, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 1-3-1, Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8901|
Web page: http://www.rieti.go.jp/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hart, Oliver & Moore, John, 1990.
"Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(6), pages 1119-1158, December.
- Oliver Hart & John Moore, 1988. "Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm," Working papers 495, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Hart, Oliver D. & Moore, John, 1990. "Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm," Scholarly Articles 3448675, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Angrist, Joshua D, 2001. "Estimations of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(1), pages 2-16, January.
- Joshua Angrist, 1999. "Estimation of Limited-Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," Working papers 99-31, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Joshua D. Angrist, 2000. "Estimation of Limited-Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," NBER Technical Working Papers 0248, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Hart, Oliver, 1995. "Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198288817.
- Arthur Lewbel & Yingying Dong & Thomas Tao Yang, 2012. "Viewpoint: Comparing features of convenient estimators for binary choice models with endogenous regressors," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(3), pages 809-829, August.
- Bengt Holmstrom & John Roberts, 1998. "The Boundaries of the Firm Revisited," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 73-94, Fall.
- Angrist, Joshua D, 2001. "Estimations of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice: Reply," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(1), pages 27-28, January. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:13066. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (NUKATANI Sorahiko)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.