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Weather Variability, Agriculture and Rural Migration: Evidence from State and District Level Migration in India

Author

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  • K.S. Kavi Kumar
  • Brinda Viswanathan

Abstract

This study explores the three-way linkage between weather variability, agricultural performance and internal migration in India. It estimates a two-equation model, which examines variations in weather that influence crop yield and identifies the resulting effect on the rate of migration. The analysis uses two variants of migration data - inter-state out-migration and intra-state district-level in-migration - reported in the Indian Census. The results suggest that the impact of yield changes on the migration rate depend on both the inter-play between inter- and intra-district migration rates as well as the crop under consideration. Migration is certainly a potential adaptation strategy for people adversely affected by the impact of weather and climate change. The findings suggest that weather related changes in agricultural productivity do contribute to migration in India; however, these inter-linked effects have, at least thus far, been relatively small.

Suggested Citation

  • K.S. Kavi Kumar & Brinda Viswanathan, 2015. "Weather Variability, Agriculture and Rural Migration: Evidence from State and District Level Migration in India," Working Papers id:7135, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:7135
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marchiori, Luca & Maystadt, Jean-François & Schumacher, Ingmar, 2012. "The impact of weather anomalies on migration in sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 355-374.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michel Beine & Lionel Jeusette, 2018. "A Meta-Analysis of the Literature on Climate Change and Migration," CESifo Working Paper Series 7417, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:112:y:2018:i:c:p:205-219 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:oup:cesifo:v:63:y:2017:i:4:p:560-594. is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Zovanga L Kone & Maggie Y Liu & Aaditya Mattoo & Caglar Ozden & Siddharth Sharma, 2018. "Internal borders and migration in India," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(4), pages 729-759.
    5. Vicente Ruiz, 2017. "Do climatic events influence internal migration? Evidence from Mexico," Working Papers 2017.19, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
    6. Ingrid Dallmann & Katrin Millock, 2013. "Climate Variability and Internal Migration: A Test on Indian Inter-State Migration," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 13045r, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, revised Mar 2016.
    7. Heman D. Lohano, "undated". "Weather Variability, Agricultural Revenues and Internal Migration: Evidence from Pakistan," Working papers 99, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
    8. K S Kavi Kumar & Brinda Viswanathan, 2012. "Weather Variability And Agriculture: Implications For Long And Short-Term Migration In India," Working Papers id:5173, eSocialSciences.
    9. K. S. Kavi Kumar & Brinda Viswanathan, 2013. "Weather and Migration in India: Evidence from NSS Data," Working Papers 2013-079, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.

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