Family Labour Supply and Taxes in Ireland
We analyse the labour supply of husband and wife in Irish families. A static structural model used. Account is taken of nonlinearities and non-convexities in tax-benefit system, of fixed costs of working, of unobserved preference variation across families, of prediction errors in wages of non-workers and of potential endogeneity of gross wage rates. Moreover the neoclassical model is extended such that information on involuntary unemployment is incorporated in a structural way. Smooth simulated maximum likelihood is used to estimate the model, using household data from 1997. The Irish tax system is characterized by ?income splitting? so that the tax liability of the couple depends essentially on the joint income of husband and wife. We analyse the sensitivity of husbands? and wives? labour supply with respect to the own wage, the partner's wage, and other income. We compare labour supply under the actual tax regime and under alternatives involving more independent taxation, and analyse the extent to which the tax system can explain the low participation of married women in Ireland.
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