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Integrating Landlocked Developing Countires into international trading system through trade facilitaion


  • Paras Kharel


  • Anil Belbase

    (South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics & Environment)


This study empirically investigates how the quality of trade facilitation (both on-theborder and behind-the-border factors) in landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and in their transit countries impacts LLDC trade. It uses an augmented gravity model incorporating trade facilitation variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Paras Kharel & Anil Belbase, 2010. "Integrating Landlocked Developing Countires into international trading system through trade facilitaion," Working Papers 8410, Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT), an initiative of UNESCAP and IDRC, Canada..
  • Handle: RePEc:esc:wpaper:8410

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
    2. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
    3. Persson, Maria, 2007. "Trade Facilitation and the EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements: Who Has the Most to Gain?," Working Papers 2007:8, Lund University, Department of Economics, revised 01 Oct 2007.
    4. Michael Faye & John McArthur & Jeffrey Sachs & Thomas Snow, 2004. "The Challenges Facing Landlocked Developing Countries," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 31-68.
    5. Yann Duval & Chorthip Utoktham, 2009. "Behind-the-Border Trade Facilitation in Asia-Pacific: Cost of Trade, Credit Information, Contract Enforcement and Regulatory Coherence," Working Paper Series 209, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    6. John S. Wilson & Catherine L. Mann & Tsunehiro Otsuki, 2005. "Assessing the Benefits of Trade Facilitation: A Global Perspective," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(6), pages 841-871, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zafari, Khurshid & Ismailov, Azamat, 2016. "LANDLOCKEDNESS –INTERNATIONAL TRADE –FOOD SECURITY:Do landlocked countries suffer from food insecurity?," Samarkand Conference 2016 250075, Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).

    More about this item


    Trade Facilitaion; Landlocked Developing Countries; trading system;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade


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