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Readiness Of The Gulf Monetary Union: Revisited


  • Rock-Antoine Mehanna

    () (Notre Dame University)

  • Kabir Hassan


This paper revisits Mehanna’s (2004) assessment of the viability of the future project of the Gulf Monetary Union (a goal set for 2010) while examining member countries over three time periods: (1) 1990-1999; (2) 2000-2006; and (3) average period 1990-2006. It follows the theory of Optimum Currency Areas and borrows from the European Monetary Union (the Maastricht Agreement’s convergence criteria) for theoretical and comparison purposes. This study examines nine indicators for the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). These indicators cover economic integration, trade openness, monetary policy, economic development, fiscal, and military policies. New findings reveal that GCC countries have achieved more convergence in terms of indicators under study mainly due to the petro-dollar era. However, econometric results suggest that GCC countries are still out of phase and not harmonized in terms of trade, monetary policy and economic development. Relevant policy implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Rock-Antoine Mehanna & Kabir Hassan, 2008. "Readiness Of The Gulf Monetary Union: Revisited," Working Papers 441, Economic Research Forum, revised 10 Jan 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:441

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Thom, Rodney & Walsh, Brendan, 2002. "The effect of a currency union on trade: Lessons from the Irish experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 1111-1123, June.
    2. Grinols, Earl L., 1993. "Increasing returns and the shift from customs union to common market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 315-335, July.
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