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COVID-19 and Socio-Economic Inequalities in Indonesia: A Subnational-level Analysis


  • Aloysius Gunadi Brata

    (MINDSET Institute)

  • Eusebius Pantja Pramudya

    (MINDSET Institute)

  • Esther Sri Astuti

    (Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF))

  • Heffi Christya Rahayu

    (MINDSET Institute)

  • Heronimus Heron

    (MINDSET Institute)


This study examines if COVID-19 has worsened socio-economic inequalities across provinces in Indonesia, and if it has affected the spatial disparity in provincial-level socio-economic indicators. Secondary provincial-level data are used from BPS for March 2015 to March 2020. Results indicate that provinces with more COVID-19 cases tend to have increased inequality in urban areas, but inequality in rural areas decreases, as measured by the Gini Index. Also, provinces with many COVID-19 cases tend to have a decrease in their poverty headcount ratios. Thus, COVID-19 may have various implications on the spatial inequality of the Gini Index and poverty headcount ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Aloysius Gunadi Brata & Eusebius Pantja Pramudya & Esther Sri Astuti & Heffi Christya Rahayu & Heronimus Heron, 2021. "COVID-19 and Socio-Economic Inequalities in Indonesia: A Subnational-level Analysis," Working Papers DP-2021-04, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  • Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2021-04

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    COVID-19; inequality; poverty; spatial;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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