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Spatial Patterns of Manufacturing Agglomeration in Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Thailand

Author

Listed:
  • Toshitaka GOKAN

    (Institute of Developing Economies – Japan External Trade Organization)

  • Ikuo KUROIWA

    (Institute of Developing Economies – Japan External Trade Organization, Bangkok, Thailand)

  • Nuttawut LAKSANAPANYAKUL

    (Thailand Development Research Institute Foundation)

  • Yasushi UEKI

    (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia)

Abstract

Due to lowering trade and transport costs, participation in the global value chains (GVCs) is becoming one of the most effective development strategies for many developing countries. Participation in the GVCs, however, is not sufficient; the formation of industrial linkages and clusters is critical for sustained economic growth. This paper identifies the manufacturing clusters in Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Thailand, using the method proposed by Mori and Smith (2013). The paper provides a map of industrial clusters by industry, which is tested against the hypothesis of spurious clusters. Moreover, the paper indicates the spatial structure of industrial agglomerations using the global extent and local density indices.

Suggested Citation

  • Toshitaka GOKAN & Ikuo KUROIWA & Nuttawut LAKSANAPANYAKUL & Yasushi UEKI, 2015. "Spatial Patterns of Manufacturing Agglomeration in Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Thailand," Working Papers DP-2015-68, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  • Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2015-68
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gokan, Toshitaka & Kuroiwa, Ikuo & Nakajima, Kentaro & Sakata, Shozo, 2016. "Spatial patterns of manufacturing clusters in Vietnam," IDE Discussion Papers 616, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    2. Gilles Duranton & Henry G. Overman, 2005. "Testing for Localization Using Micro-Geographic Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(4), pages 1077-1106.
    3. Fukunari Kimura & Tomohiro Machikita & Yasushi Ueki, 2016. "Technology transfer in ASEAN countries: some evidence from buyer-provided training network data," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 195-219, August.
    4. Misa OKABE, 2015. "Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Trade in East Asia," Working Papers DP-2015-01, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    5. Kuroiwa, Ikuo, 2015. "Industrial deepening in East Asia," IDE Discussion Papers 489, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    6. Tomoya Mori & Koji Nishikimi & Tony E. Smith, 2005. "A Divergence Statistic for Industrial Localization," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(4), pages 635-651, November.
    7. Kazunobu Hayakawa & Tadashi Ito & Fukunari Kimura, 2016. "Trade Creation Effects of Regional Trade Agreements: Tariff Reduction versus Non-tariff Barrier Removal," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 317-326, February.
    8. Tomoya Mori & Tony E. Smith, 2014. "A probabilistic modeling approach to the detection of industrial agglomerations," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 547-588.
    9. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    industrial agglomeration; cluster analysis; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Cambodia; Thailand;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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