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Optimization formulations and static equilibrium in congested transportation networks

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  • A. de Palma
  • Y. Nesterov

Abstract

In this paper we study the concepts of equilibrium and optimum in static transportation networks with elastic and non-elastic demands. The main mathematical tool of our paper is the theory of variational inequalities. We demonstrate that this theory is useful for proving the existence theorems. It also can justify Beckmann's formulation of the equilibrium problem.The main contribution of this paper is to propose a new definition of equilibrium, the normal equilibrium, which exists under very general assumptions. This concept can be used, in particular, when the travel costs are discontinuous and unbounded. As examples we consider the models of signalized intersections, traffic lights and unbounded travel-time relationships. For some of those cases, the standard concepts of user and Wardrop equilibria cannot be used.
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Suggested Citation

  • A. de Palma & Y. Nesterov, 1997. "Optimization formulations and static equilibrium in congested transportation networks," THEMA Working Papers 97-17, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  • Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:97-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Smith, M. J., 1979. "The existence, uniqueness and stability of traffic equilibria," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 295-304, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Verhoef, Erik T., 2002. "Second-best congestion pricing in general static transportation networks with elastic demands," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 281-310, May.
    2. Bliemer, Michiel C.J. & Raadsen, Mark P.H. & Smits, Erik-Sander & Zhou, Bojian & Bell, Michael G.H., 2014. "Quasi-dynamic traffic assignment with residual point queues incorporating a first order node model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 363-384.
    3. Verhoef, Erik Teodoor, 2000. "The Generalized Second-Best Network Congestion Pricing Problem," ERSA conference papers ersa00p336, European Regional Science Association.
    4. NESTEROV, Yu & de PALMA, André, 2000. "Stable dynamics in transportation systems," CORE Discussion Papers 2000027, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    5. Correa, Jose R. & Schulz, Andreas S. & Stier Moses, Nicolas E., 2003. "Selfish Routing in Capacitated Networks," Working papers 4319-03, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    6. Correa, José R. & Schulz, Andreas S. & Stier-Moses, Nicolás E., 2008. "A geometric approach to the price of anarchy in nonatomic congestion games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 457-469, November.
    7. Verhoef, Erik T., 2002. "Second-best congestion pricing in general networks. Heuristic algorithms for finding second-best optimal toll levels and toll points," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 707-729, September.

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