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'Neighbourhood effects': can we measure them and does it matter?

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  • Lupton, Ruth

Abstract

Renewed interest in disadvantaged neighbourhoods is generating increasing research activity. Current work includes qualitative community studies and quantitative investigations of area effects on individual outcomes. This paper criticises the contribution of area effects research to date. Methodological and data constraints mean that quantitative studies often operationalise a weak conception of neighbourhood that does not reflect the understanding gained from qualitative work. These constraints present a barrier to testing specific theories that might usefully inform policy, while exaggerated claims are made about the policy relevance of more generic work. The paper concludes that area effects should be accorded less significance in the broad debate on area-based policy. Multi-disciplinary work is needed to develop studies that can influence the design of specific programmes.

Suggested Citation

  • Lupton, Ruth, 2003. "'Neighbourhood effects': can we measure them and does it matter?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6327, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:6327
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Helen Bowman, 2001. "Talking to Families in Leeds and Sheffield: A report on the first stage of the research," CASE Reports casereport18, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    2. Mark Kleinman, 1998. "Include Me Out? The New Politics of Place and Poverty (published in 'Policy Studies', 21:1, April 2000)," CASE Papers 011, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    3. Gillian R Smith, 1999. "Area-based Initiatives: The rationale and options for area targeting," CASE Papers 025, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    4. Burgess, Simon & Gardiner, Karen & Propper, Carol, 2001. "Growing up: school, family and area influences on adolescents' later life chances," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6432, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    neighbourhood area effects;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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