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Pattern and Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade in Australian Manufacturing

Author

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  • Kishor Sharma

Abstract

This paper the presents pattern and determinants of intra-industry trade (IIT) in Australian manufacturing since the late 1970s. The results point to a sharp rise in IIT from the mid 1980s which appears to be linked with an outward-oriented policy. Industry level analysis indicates that industries which experienced a sharp fall in protection are the industries with the higher levels of IIT. These include textile, garments, rubber products, and machinery and equipment. An increasing trend in IIT suggests that the short-term adjustment costs associated with trade liberalisation are likely to be lower, and that liberalisation can proceed without huge short-term adjustment costs. Using a logit model the determinants of IIT are investigated. Results indicate that intra-industry trade is positively related to product differentiation and scale economies, and negatively related to the levels of protection and foreign ownership in the pre-liberalisation period. In the post-liberalisation period, however, it is scale economies that explain the inter-industry variations in IIT. R&D intensity and close economic integration appear to have no impact on IIT regardless of the nature of the policy regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Kishor Sharma, 1999. "Pattern and Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade in Australian Manufacturing," Working Papers 813, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:egc:wpaper:813
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    File URL: http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp813.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Emine Kilavuz & Hatice Erkekoglu & Betül Altay Topcu, 2013. "Globalizing Production Structure and Intra-Industry Trade: The Case of Turkey," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(4), pages 799-812.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intra-industry trade; trade liberalisation; outward-orientation;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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