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Política comercial estratégica en el mercado aéreo chileno


  • Ronald Fischer



Se estudia la política comercial desde un punto de vista estratégico. En particular interesa examinar las condiciones bajo las cuales es apropiada una política de reciprocidad (a diferencia de una apertura unilateral). La política de reciprocidad se basa en la idea que el país con el que se negocia un acuerdo estará más dispuesto a ofrecer abrir su mercado aerocomercial si obtiene algo a cambio. En este trabajo se demuestra que la política de reciprocidad es preferible a la apertura unilateral si se cumplen ciertas condiciones de mercado: existencia de alternativas para los vuelos entre los puntos, la existencia de varias firmas compitiendo intensamente, y si el costo de esperar una resolución positiva es bajo. En el caso de países con los que no hay acuerdos de cielos abiertos se estima en forma aproximada el aumento en el bienestar social proveniente de una frecuencia adicional. Se obtiene un valor de varios millones de dólares, de los cuales un 30-40% corresponde a mayores utilidades para la firma doméstica. JEL: L93, F12.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald Fischer, 2008. "Política comercial estratégica en el mercado aéreo chileno," Documentos de Trabajo 246, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:246

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brander, James & Krugman, Paul, 1983. "A 'reciprocal dumping' model of international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3-4), pages 313-321, November.
    2. Avinash Dixit, 2005. "Trade And Insurance With Moral Hazard," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: An Inframarginal Approach To Trade Theory, chapter 4, pages 53-74 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    3. Richard Harris, 1985. "Why Voluntary Export Restraints Are 'Voluntary.'," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 18(4), pages 799-809, November.
    4. Morrison, Steven A & Winston, Clifford, 1987. "Empirical Implications and Tests of the Contestability Hypothesis," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 30(1), pages 53-66, April.
    5. Brander, James A., 1995. "Strategic trade policy," Handbook of International Economics,in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1395-1455 Elsevier.
    6. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1985. "Export subsidies and international market share rivalry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 83-100, February.
    7. Dixit, Avinash K, 1986. "Comparative Statics for Oligopoly," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(1), pages 107-122, February.
    8. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Multiproduct Firms, Product Differentiation, and Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    9. Gene M. Grossman (ed.), 1992. "Imperfect Competition and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262570939, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Viviana Fernández & Brian M. Lucey, 2008. "Emerging Markets Variance Shocks: Local or International in Origin?," Documentos de Trabajo 251, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    2. Janiak, Alexandre, 2008. "Welfare in Models of Trade with Heterogeneous Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 3803, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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    JEL classification:

    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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