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The Give-or-Take-Some Dilemma


  • McCarter, Matthew W.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • Budescu, David V.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • Scheffran, Jurgen

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)


The social dilemma paradigm traditionally addresses two types of collective action problems: give-some and take-some resource management dilemmas. We highlight several limitations of this paradigm in addressing more complicated resource management problems where actors both give and/or take resources simultaneously or sequentially. In this paper, we first extend the social dilemma paradigm by merging give-some and take-some dilemmas into the give-or-take-some (GOTS) dilemma. This extension internalizes several environmental elements of uncertainty that are assumed to be exogenously determined in the social dilemma paradigm. Second, we formalize the GOTS paradigm for one-shot and iterated situations. Lastly we discuss how the GOTS dilemma may be used to help address several complex and timely resource management problems.

Suggested Citation

  • McCarter, Matthew W. & Budescu, David V. & Scheffran, Jurgen, 2008. "The Give-or-Take-Some Dilemma," Working Papers 08-0100, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:illbus:08-0100

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Giorgio Coricelli & Dietmar Fehr & Gerlinde Fellner, 2004. "Partner Selection in Public Goods Experiments," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 48(3), pages 356-378, June.
    2. William C. McDaniel & Francis Sistrunk, 1991. "Management Dilemmas and Decisions," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 35(1), pages 21-42, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vincent Mak & Rami Zwick & Akshay R. Rao & Jake A. Pattaratanakun, 2014. ""Pay What You Want" as Threshold Public Good Provision," Working Papers 201403, Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge.
    2. Matthew McCarter & Anya Samek & Roman Sheremeta, 2014. "Divided Loyalists or Conditional Cooperators? Creating Consensus About Cooperation in Multiple Simultaneous Social Dilemmas," Artefactual Field Experiments 00441, The Field Experiments Website.
    3. Gallier, Carlo & Kesternich, Martin & Löschel, Andreas & Waichman, Israel, 2017. "Ratchet up or down? An experimental investigation of global public good provision in the United Nations Youth Associations Network," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-071, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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