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Why Doesn't Technology Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?

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Abstract

What is the role of a country's financial system in determining technology adoption? To examine this, a dynamic contract model is embedded into a general equilibrium setting with competitive intermediation. The terms of finance are dictated by an intermediary's ability to monitor and control a firm's cash flow, in conjunction with the structure of the technology that the firm adopts. It is not always profitable to finance promising technologies. A quantitative illustration is presented where financial frictions induce entrepreneurs in India and Mexico to adopt less-promising ventures than in the United States, despite lower input prices. In Econometrica (July 2016), v. 84, n. 4: 1477-1521.

Suggested Citation

  • Harold L Cole & Jeremy Greenwood & Juan M Sanchez, 2014. "Why Doesn't Technology Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?," Economie d'Avant Garde Research Reports 25, Economie d'Avant Garde.
  • Handle: RePEc:eag:rereps:25
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    Cited by:

    1. Nezih Guner & Andrii Parkhomenko & Gustavo Ventura, 2018. "Managers and Productivity Differences," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 29, pages 256-282, July.
    2. Chang-Tai Hsieh & Peter J. Klenow, 2014. "The Life Cycle of Plants in India and Mexico," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(3), pages 1035-1084.
    3. Diego Restuccia & Richard Rogerson, 2013. "Misallocation and productivity," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 16(1), pages 1-10, January.
    4. Greenwood, Jeremy & Han, Pengfei & Sanchez, Juan M., 2017. "Financing Ventures," Working Papers 2017-35, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    5. Yu Zheng & Raul Santaeulalia, 2016. "The Price of Growth: Consumption Insurance in China 1989-2009," 2016 Meeting Papers 826, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. repec:eee:deveco:v:130:y:2018:i:c:p:203-223 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Era Dabla-Norris & Yan Ji & Robert M. Townsend & Filiz D Unsal, 2015. "Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality; A Structural Framework for Policy," IMF Working Papers 15/22, International Monetary Fund.

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    Keywords

    Costly cash-flow control; costly state verification; dynamic contract theory; economic development; establishment-size distributions; finance and development; financial intermediation; India; Mexico; and the United States; long- and short-term contract; monitoring; productivity; retained earnings; self-finance; technology adoption; ventures;

    JEL classification:

    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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