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Emprendimiento: Factor clave para la nueva etapa de Chile


  • Cristián Larroulet Vignau


  • Macarena Ramírez

    (School of Business and Economics, Universidad del Desarrollo)


Este trabajo examina el concepto de emprendimiento y su relación con el desarrollo económico a la luz de la literatura académica, el Global Entrepreneurship Monitor y otros índices internacionales. El análisis subraya las diferencias entre el emprendimiento por oportunidad, que conduce al desarrollo, y el emprendimiento por necesidad que es indicador de pobreza. A continuación se establece que para favorecer el espíritu emprendedor es preciso generar un medio ambiente adecuado, el que depende en gran parte de las medidas implementadas por los gobiernos. Finalmente se analiza la realidad chilena y se hace una evaluación de los costos que afectan la actividad emprendedora. Se concluye que si Chile desea acelerar su crecimiento a través del aumento de la productividad debe promover el emprendimiento, ya que el empresario es el principal promotor de la innovación y quien detecta las oportunidades.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristián Larroulet Vignau & Macarena Ramírez, 2007. "Emprendimiento: Factor clave para la nueva etapa de Chile," Past Working Papers 04, Universidad del Desarrollo, School of Business and Economics, revised 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:dsr:pastwp:04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Benjamin Powell, 2003. "Economic Freedom and Growth: The Case of the Celtic Tiger," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 22(3), pages 431-448, Winter.
    2. Sander Wennekers & André Stel & Roy Thurik & Paul Reynolds, 2008. "Nascent entrepreneurship and the level of economic development," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 325-325, March.
    3. repec:bbe:wpaper:200706 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Cristián Larroulet Vignau, 2003. "Políticas públicas para el desarrollo," Past Working Papers 20, Universidad del Desarrollo, School of Business and Economics.
    5. José Ernesto Amorós & Oscar Cristi, 2007. "Longitudinal Analisys of Entrepreneurship and Competitiveness Dynamics in Latin America," Working Papers 0706, Departament Empresa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, revised Jun 2007.
    6. André Stel & Martin Carree & Roy Thurik, 2005. "The Effect of Entrepreneurial Activity on National Economic Growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 311-321, February.
    7. Baumol, William J., 1996. "Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive, and destructive," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 3-22, January.
    8. David B. Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 2001. "Linking Entrepreneurship to Growth," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2001/2, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gianni Romaní & Miguel Atienza, 2013. "Introduction," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 91-94, April.


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