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The Importance of Global Shocks for National Policymakers: Rising Challenges for Central Banks

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  • Ansgar Belke
  • Andreas Rees

Abstract

We analyze the importance of global shocks for the global economy and national policy makers. More specifically, we investigate whether monetary policy has become less effective in the wake of financial globalization. We also examine whether there is increasing uncertainty for central banks due to globalization-driven changes in the national economic structure. A FAVAR framework is applied to derive structural shocks on a worldwide level and their impact on other global and also national variables. We estimate our macro model using quarterly data from Q1 1984 to Q4 2007 for the G7 countries plus the euro area. According to our results, global liquidity shocks are a driving force of the global economy and various national economies. However, some other shocks originating in house prices, GDP, technology and long-term interest rates play a role at the global level as well. These results prove to be robust across different specifications. Structural break tests indicate that global liquidity shocks have recently become more important as a determinant for house prices. In general, global variables have become more powerful over time in driving national variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Ansgar Belke & Andreas Rees, 2009. "The Importance of Global Shocks for National Policymakers: Rising Challenges for Central Banks," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 922, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp922
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Belke, Ansgar & Rees, Andreas, 2014. "Globalisation and monetary policy—A FAVAR analysis for the G7 and the eurozone," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 306-321.
    2. Belke, Ansgar & Schnabl, Gunther, 2010. "Finanzkrise, globale Liquidität und makroökonomischer Exit," IBES Diskussionsbeiträge 184, University of Duisburg-Essen, Institute of Business and Economic Studie (IBES).
    3. Ansgar Belke & Gunther Schnabl, 2010. "Europäischer geldpolitischer Exit im Zeichen von QE2 und Staatsanleihekäufen der EZB," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(4), pages 147-161.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Global shocks; international business cycle; international policy coordination and transmission; factor augmented vector autoregressive (FAVAR) models; common factors;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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