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Le Secteur informel en milieu urbain en République Démocratique du Congo : Performances, insertion, perspectives. Principaux résultats de la phase 2 de l’enquête 1-2-3 2004-2005

Author

Listed:
  • Thimotée Makabu Ma Nkenda

    () (Institut National de la Statistique en RDC)

  • Martin Mba

    () (Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun)

  • Sebastien Merceron

    () (DIAL)

  • Constance Torelli

    () (DIAL)

Abstract

(english) Democratic Republic of Congo has known dramatic events for the last three decades. Statistical social economic data did not exist really or not available in the period. The Informal Sector survey, the second phase of the 1-2-3 survey, carried out in 2004-2005 and conducted by the National Statistic Institute provides for the first time a detailed picture of the main characteristics of the Informal Production Units in the country. This study collected by head’s enterprises (identified during the first phase of 1-2-3 survey), which presents the principal results of the survey, helps highlight the characteristics of their conditions of activities, their economic performance and how informal units are integrated into the productive system, and their prospects. By identifying their main shortcomings (precariousness of practising conditions, small enterprises, dominance of commercial activities, unskilled and non-protected labour force, few capital investment, problem of credit access, without relationship with public and registration services, etc.), the study opens up new possibilities for defining policies designed to improve the role and the insertion of informal sector into the productive system in DRC. _________________________________ (français) La République Démocratique du Congo a connu une histoire très mouvementée au cours des trois dernières décennies. Les données statistiques socio-économiques de base ont été quasi inexistantes durant la période. L’enquête sur les Unités de Production Informelles, deuxième phase du dispositif d’enquête 1-2-3 mené en 2004-2005 par l’Institut National de la Statistique fournit pour la première fois une image détaillée des principales caractéristiques du secteur informel dans le pays. Cette étude spécifique auprès des chefs d’UPI (identifiés au cours de la phase Emploi de l’enquête 1-2-3), qui présente les principaux résultats de l’enquête, permet de mettre en évidence leurs conditions d’activité, leurs performances économiques, leur mode d’insertion dans le tissu productif et leurs perspectives. En identifiant leurs principales caractéristiques (précarité des conditions d’activité, micro-unités, prédominance des activités commerciales, main d’oeuvre non qualifiée et non protégée, capital et investissement très faibles, difficultés d’accès au crédit, absence de lien entre services publics et unités de production, etc.), l’analyse ouvre des pistes pour la définition de politiques visant à améliorer le fonctionnement et l’insertion du secteur informel dans le tissu productif global en RDC.

Suggested Citation

  • Thimotée Makabu Ma Nkenda & Martin Mba & Sebastien Merceron & Constance Torelli, 2007. "Le Secteur informel en milieu urbain en République Démocratique du Congo : Performances, insertion, perspectives. Principaux résultats de la phase 2 de l’enquête 1-2-3 2004-2005," Working Papers DT/2007/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200715
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2007/2007-15
    File Function: First version, 2007
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kodila Tedika, Oasis, 2013. "Anatomy of corruption Democratic Republic of Congo
      [Anatomie de la Corruption en République Démocratique du Congo]
      ," MPRA Paper 43463, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Travail; Secteur Informel; Performances; Microfinance; Afrique de l’Ouest; Labour; Informal Sector; Performances; Microfinance; West Africa.;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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