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Le Secteur informel en milieu urbain en République Démocratique du Congo : Performances, insertion, perspectives. Principaux résultats de la phase 2 de l’enquête 1-2-3 2004-2005

Listed author(s):
  • Thimotée Makabu Ma Nkenda


    (Institut National de la Statistique en RDC)

  • Martin Mba


    (Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun)

  • Sebastien Merceron



  • Constance Torelli



Registered author(s):

    (english) Democratic Republic of Congo has known dramatic events for the last three decades. Statistical social economic data did not exist really or not available in the period. The Informal Sector survey, the second phase of the 1-2-3 survey, carried out in 2004-2005 and conducted by the National Statistic Institute provides for the first time a detailed picture of the main characteristics of the Informal Production Units in the country. This study collected by head’s enterprises (identified during the first phase of 1-2-3 survey), which presents the principal results of the survey, helps highlight the characteristics of their conditions of activities, their economic performance and how informal units are integrated into the productive system, and their prospects. By identifying their main shortcomings (precariousness of practising conditions, small enterprises, dominance of commercial activities, unskilled and non-protected labour force, few capital investment, problem of credit access, without relationship with public and registration services, etc.), the study opens up new possibilities for defining policies designed to improve the role and the insertion of informal sector into the productive system in DRC. _________________________________ (français) La République Démocratique du Congo a connu une histoire très mouvementée au cours des trois dernières décennies. Les données statistiques socio-économiques de base ont été quasi inexistantes durant la période. L’enquête sur les Unités de Production Informelles, deuxième phase du dispositif d’enquête 1-2-3 mené en 2004-2005 par l’Institut National de la Statistique fournit pour la première fois une image détaillée des principales caractéristiques du secteur informel dans le pays. Cette étude spécifique auprès des chefs d’UPI (identifiés au cours de la phase Emploi de l’enquête 1-2-3), qui présente les principaux résultats de l’enquête, permet de mettre en évidence leurs conditions d’activité, leurs performances économiques, leur mode d’insertion dans le tissu productif et leurs perspectives. En identifiant leurs principales caractéristiques (précarité des conditions d’activité, micro-unités, prédominance des activités commerciales, main d’oeuvre non qualifiée et non protégée, capital et investissement très faibles, difficultés d’accès au crédit, absence de lien entre services publics et unités de production, etc.), l’analyse ouvre des pistes pour la définition de politiques visant à améliorer le fonctionnement et l’insertion du secteur informel dans le tissu productif global en RDC.

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    File Function: First version, 2007
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    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2007/15.

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    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2007
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200715
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