IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

L’informel est-il une forme de fraude fiscale ? Une analyse microéconométrique de la fraude fiscale des micro-entreprises à Madagascar

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-François Gautier


    (DIAL, Université Paris IX)

Registered author(s):

    Tariff harmonization in the UEMOA (WAMU) at the beginning of 2000 will lead to an increase of tariffs in Benin. Based on a CGE model, this paper simulates the impact of this reform on Benin. We focus our model on the cross-border trade between Benin and Nigeria. We consider that cross-border trade is settled by the opportunity of lower tariffs in Benin and the existence of quotas in Nigeria. Crossborder traders are supposed to behave like monopolies, which allow us to introduce endogenous markup in the model. We show that the tariff harmonization will depress the cross-border trade but not necessarily Benin’s economy on a whole. A liberalization of the Nigerian’s economy will on the other hand lead to an uncompensated cut in Benin’s GDP. _________________________________ L’harmonisation douanière début 2000 au sein des pays de l’UEMOA doit se traduire pour le Bénin par un réarmement tarifaire. Ce papier se propose d’étudier, grâce à un EGC, l’impact que pourrait produire cette hausse des droits au Bénin. Nous y apportons une attention particulière sur les relations commerciales qui lient le Bénin au Nigeria. Nous formalisons la demande du Nigeria en partant du principe que le commerce trans-frontalier est déterminé par un arbitrage entre les conditions d’importation au Bénin (libéral) et au Nigeria (restrictif). La modélisation du comportement des commerçants béninois permet d’introduire une concurrence imparfaite dans le modèle. Nous montrons que le TEC comporte un effet dépressif sur le commerce transfrontalier, mais pas forcément sur le reste de l’économie béninoise. La libéralisation du marché nigérian provoquerait par contre une perte de revenu non compensable pour l’économie béninoise.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2000
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2000/03.

    in new window

    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: 2000
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200003
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    4, rue d'Enghien, 75010 Paris

    Phone: + 33 1 53 24 14 50
    Fax: + 33 1 53 24 14 51
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. de Melo, Jaime, 1988. "Computable general equilibrium models for trade policy analysis in developing countries: A survey," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 469-503.
    2. Harris, Richard, 1984. "Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Small Open Economies with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(5), pages 1016-1032, December.
    3. Cockburn, John & Decaluwe, Bernard & Dostie, Benoît, 1998. "Les leçons du mariage entre les modèles d'équilibre général calculable et la nouvelle théorie du commerce international: application à la Tunisie," Cahiers de recherche 9804, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    4. Victor Ginsburgh & Michiel Keyzer, 2002. "The Structure of Applied General Equilibrium Models," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262571579, July.
    5. Akiko Suwa, 1991. "Les modèles d'équilibre général calculable," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 97(1), pages 69-76.
    6. Robinson, Sherman, 1989. "Multisectoral models," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 885-947 Elsevier.
    7. Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1984. "Applied General-Equilibrium Models of Taxation and International Trade: An Introduction and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1007-1051, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.