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Globalization, Factor Endowments and Scale-Invariant Growth


  • Elias Dinopoulos
  • Constantinos Syropoulos


The paper develops a two-country dynamic general-equilibrium model of growth without scale effects to explore the effects of globalization on long-run growth and wages. Higher quality products are endogenously discovered through stochastic and sequential global innovation contests in which challengers devote resources to R&D and technology leaders undertake rent-protection activities (RPAs) to prolong the expected duration of temporary monopoly power by frustrating the R&D effort of challengers. Globalization (i.e., a move from autarky to an integrated trading equilibrium) for two countries with identical relative factor abundance and possible differences in size does not affect the long-run growth rate of either country. However, the country that is abundant in the factor used intensively in the production of R&D services grows faster in autarky. Moreover, factor prices (adjusted for quality) and national long-run growth rates converge and are eventually equalized. Depending on international per-capita differences in factor abundance, the model also generates intra-sectoral trade, vertical and horizontal multinationals, and international outsourcing of services (R&D investment or RPAs). The growth effects of globalization between countries with different relative factor endowments are larger for smaller countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Elias Dinopoulos & Constantinos Syropoulos, 2004. "Globalization, Factor Endowments and Scale-Invariant Growth," DEGIT Conference Papers c009_009, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  • Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c009_009

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Iordanis Petsas, 2010. "Sustained Comparative Advantage and Semi-Endogenous Growth," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 34-47, February.

    More about this item


    Economic growth; scale effects; R&D; rent-protecting activities; innovation; wages.;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity


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