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Is Species Protection or Amenity Demand More Important for Indian Zoos?

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  • David Martin

    (Department of Economics, Davidson College)

Abstract

I examine the potential conflict between two roles of zoos, as an ex situ protector of species and as a place for human recreation using a sample of 76 zoos in India whose collections include about 470 species. Under the National Zoo Policy, India zoos are supposed to prioritize local species and to protect endangered species. Using the beta-diversity of each zoo as a measure of distinctiveness, I assess if the distinctiveness of zoo collections increases with the holdings of protected species and decreases with visitors’ demand to see popular species. I find strong evidence that the percentage of protected species held by zoos increases zoo distinctiveness and only weak evidence that amenity demand is related to convergence of zoo collections. These results suggest that Indian zoos are well situated to play important roles in integrating ex situ species protection with in situ conservation efforts.

Suggested Citation

  • David Martin, 2020. "Is Species Protection or Amenity Demand More Important for Indian Zoos?," Working Papers 20-01, Davidson College, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:dav:wpaper:20-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Andrew William Whitworth, 2012. "An Investigation into the Determining Factors of Zoo Visitor Attendances in UK Zoos," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 7(1), pages 1-10, January.
    5. Salkever, David S., 1976. "The use of dummy variables to compute predictions, prediction errors, and confidence intervals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 393-397, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ex situ; in situ; species protection; zoo collections;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics

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