Risk and Return: Consumption Beta Versus Market Beta
Much recent work emphasizes the joint nature of the consumption decision and the portfolio allocation decision. In this paper, we compare two formulations of the Capital Asset Pricing Model. The traditional CAPM suggests that the appropriate measure of an asset's risk is the covariance of the asset's return with the market return. The consumption CAPM, on the other hand, implies that a better measure of risk is the covariance with aggregate consumption growth. We examine a cross-section of 464 stocks and find that the beta measured with respect to a stock market index outperforms the beta measured with respect to consumption growth.
|Date of creation:||Jan 1985|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Review of Economics and Statistics (August 1986), 68(3): 453-458|
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NBER Working Papers
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