Doing R&D and Importing Technology : an Empirical Investigation on Taiwanâ€™s manufacturing firms
The objective of this paper is to identify the determinants of the decision to innovate in Taiwan. Three â€œinnovation strategiesâ€ are considered : doing R&D only, importing technology only, and combining both. We estimate a Bivariate Probit on a panel of more than 27000 Taiwanese manufacturing firms observed from 1992 to 1995. Results suggest that the decision to R&D over the period was influenced by the prior changes in exportations at the industry level, whereas the decision to import technology is affected by the current changes. We identify a non-linear relationship between firm size and innovation. Moreover, older firms tend to innovate less, whereas market structure doesnâ€™t affect the decision to innovate. These two results change when only high-tech industries are considered : the effect of firmâ€™s age becomes insignificant, whereas a more concentrated market structure is shown to increase the probability to innovate.
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