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Modelling structural changes in the volatility process

Author

Listed:
  • Thorsten Lehnert

    () (Luxembourg School of Finance, University of Luxembourg)

  • Bart Frijns

    (Department of Finance, Auckland University of Technology)

  • Remco C.J. Zwinkels

    () (Erasmus School of Economics)

Abstract

GARCH-type models have been very successful in describing the volatility dynamics of financial return series for short periods of time. However, for example macroeconomic events may cause the structure of volatility to change and the assumption of stationarity is no longer plausible. In order to deal with this issue, the current paper proposes a conditional volatility model with time varying coefficients based on a multinomial switching mechanism. By giving more weight to either the persistence or shock term in a GARCH model, conditional on their relative ability to forecast a benchmark volatility measure, the switching reinforces the persistent nature of the GARCH model. Estimation of this benchmark volatility targeting or BVTGARCH model for Dow 30 stocks indicates that the switching model is able to outperform a number of relevant GARCH setups, both in- and out-of-sample, also without any informational advantages.

Suggested Citation

  • Thorsten Lehnert & Bart Frijns & Remco C.J. Zwinkels, 2010. "Modelling structural changes in the volatility process," LSF Research Working Paper Series 10-05, Luxembourg School of Finance, University of Luxembourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:crf:wpaper:10-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Karanasos, Menelaos & Paraskevopoulos, Alexandros G. & Menla Ali, Faek & Karoglou, Michail & Yfanti, Stavroula, 2014. "Modelling stock volatilities during financial crises: A time varying coefficient approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 113-128.
    2. Grassi, Stefano & Santucci de Magistris, Paolo, 2015. "It's all about volatility of volatility: Evidence from a two-factor stochastic volatility model," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 62-78.
    3. Menelaos Karanasos & Alexandros Paraskevopoulos & Faek Menla Ali & Michail Karoglou & Stavroula Yfanti, 2014. "Modelling Returns and Volatilities During Financial Crises: a Time Varying Coefficient Approach," Papers 1403.7179, arXiv.org.
    4. BOUSALAM, Issam & HAMZAOUI, Moustapha & ZOUHAYR, Otman, 2016. "Forecasting Daily Stock Volatility Using GARCH-CJ Type Models with Continuous and Jump Variation," MPRA Paper 69636, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    GARCH; time varying coefficients; multinomial logit;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

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