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Should Monetary Policy be Adjusted Frequently?

  • Eijffinger, Sylvester C W
  • Huizinga, Harry

This paper considers the optimal frequency of central bank decision making. This frequency affects the central bank’s flexibility to respond to economic shocks in a timely fashion, and also its credibility to maintain low inflation. Generally, the central bank resets monetary policy less often than the arrival of economic news. By adjusting monetary policy less frequently, the central bank achieves lower inflation at the cost of somewhat higher output variability. Evidence for several key countries (Australia, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States) shows that the frequency of actual monetary policy changes is indeed positively related to the inflation rate.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2074.

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Date of creation: Feb 1999
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2074
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  1. Boschen, John F & Mills, Leonard O, 1995. "The Relation between Narrative and Money Market Indicators of Monetary Policy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 33(1), pages 24-44, January.
  2. Eijffinger, S-C-W & de Haan, J, 1996. "The Political Economy of Central-Bank Independence," Princeton Studies in International Economics 19, International Economics Section, Departement of Economics Princeton University,.
  3. Barro, Robert J. & Gordon, David B., 1983. "Rules, discretion and reputation in a model of monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 101-121.
  4. Thomas F. Cargill & Michael M. Hutchison & Takatoshi Ito, 1997. "The Political Economy of Japanese Monetary Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262032473, June.
  5. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1977. "Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 473-91, June.
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