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Optimal age specific income taxation

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  • LOZACHMEUR, Jean-Marie

Abstract

This paper studies optimal earnings taxation in a three period life cycle model where the taxes raised to finance an exogenous amount of public expenditure are allowed to be differentiated across ages. Agents choose their level of education when young and their age of retirement when old. We first look at the problem of optimal taxation when the young can borrow and then turn to the case where young face borrowing constraints. It is shown that, without borrowing constraints, a first best optimum can be decentralized by setting a zero tax rate in the third period and a first period tax lower than the second one.With the borrowing constraint, the government may not be able restore intertemporal efficiency in which case a zero tax rate when old may not be optimal.

Suggested Citation

  • LOZACHMEUR, Jean-Marie, 2002. "Optimal age specific income taxation," CORE Discussion Papers 2002046, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2002046
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    Cited by:

    1. Helmuth Cremer & Philippe De Donder & Darío Maldonado & Pierre Pestieau, 2008. "Habit Formation and Labor Supply," CESifo Working Paper Series 2351, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Pierre Pestieau & Maria Racionero, 2015. "Tagging with leisure needs," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 45(4), pages 687-706, December.
    3. Dedry, Antoine & Onder, Harun & Pestieau, Pierre, 2017. "Aging, social security design, and capital accumulation," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 9(C), pages 145-155.
    4. Helmuth Cremer & Pierre Pestieau, 2016. "Taxing Pensions," CESifo Working Paper Series 5930, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Diamond, Peter, 2010. "Taxes and Pensions," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 6, pages 59-74.
    6. Nathalie Mathieu-Bolh, 2011. "Optimal taxation and borrowing constraints," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 36(31), pages 9-53, January-j.
    7. Gopi Shah Goda, 2007. "Implicit Social Security Tax Rates over the Life Cycle," Discussion Papers 06-021, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    8. Cremer Helmuth & De Donder Philippe & Maldonado Dario & Pestieau Pierre, 2010. "Commodity Taxation under Habit Formation and Myopia," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-27, September.
    9. Mathias Kifmann, 2008. "Age-Dependent Taxation and the Optimal Retirement Benefit Formula," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9, pages 41-64, February.
    10. Philippe Choné & Guy Laroque, 2014. "Income tax and retirement schemes," Sciences Po publications 2014-06, Sciences Po.
    11. Lans Bovenberg & Peter Birch Sørensen, 2009. "Optimal Social Insurance with Linear Income Taxation," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(2), pages 251-275, June.
    12. Jean-Marie Lozachmeur, 2006. "Disability insurance and optimal income taxation," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 13(6), pages 717-732, November.
    13. Kanbur, Ravi & Tuomala, Matti, 2016. "Groupings and the gains from tagging," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 53-63.
    14. Laitner, John & Silverman, Dan, 2012. "Consumption, retirement and social security: Evaluating the efficiency of reform that encourages longer careers," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(7-8), pages 615-634.
    15. Hans FEHR, "undated". "Pension Reform with Variable Retirment Age," EcoMod2010 259600055, EcoMod.
    16. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_713 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    life cycle; optimal income taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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