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Reglas de Taylor y previsibilidad fuera de muestra de la tasa de cambio en Latinoamérica

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  • Daniel Andrés Jaimes Cárdenas

    ()

  • jair Ojeda Joya

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Abstract

El presente trabajo estudia un modelo sustentado en los fundamentos de la regla de Taylor para evaluar la previsibilidad de la tasa de cambio nominal de seis divisas latinoamericanas - el peso argentino, el peso chileno, el peso colombiano, el peso mexicano, el peso uruguayo y el real brasileño - con respecto al dólar norteamericano. Se utilizaron pruebas econométricas para comparar el poder de predicción del modelo estructural con respecto a una caminata aleatoria en horizontes de pronóstico de un mes. Los resultados muestran que el modelo basado en las reglas de Taylor permite obtener pronósticos fuera de muestra superiores a los realizados por un modelo de caminata aleatoria para las seis divisas bajo estudio. Este resultado es robusto a distintas especificaciones del modelo las cuales consideran entre otros, coeficientes heterogéneos y la inclusión de la tasa de cambio real en la regla de política monetaria. Este resultado, a su vez, contrasta con la baja capacidad predictiva encontrada en los modelos tradicionales basados en los fundamentos de la paridad no cubierta de la tasa de interés, la paridad de poder adquisitivo, y del modelo monetario con precios flexibles. La metodología utilizada sigue de cerca la utilizada por Molodtsova y Papell (2009) para países desarrollados.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Andrés Jaimes Cárdenas & jair Ojeda Joya, 2010. "Reglas de Taylor y previsibilidad fuera de muestra de la tasa de cambio en Latinoamérica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007308, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007308
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alfredo Bateman y Javier E. Martinez & Javier Esteban Martinez, 2010. "Cuaderno 4: Análisis de las fuentes de oferta y demanda en el mercado de divisas," CUADERNOS DE DESARROLLO ECONOMICO 007586, SECRETARÍA DISTRITAL DE DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO.

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    Keywords

    Previsibilidad fuera de muestra; Tasa de cambio nominal; Regla de Taylor.;

    JEL classification:

    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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