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Remesas y desarrollo económico. Un análisis empírico del caso mexicano

Author

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  • Rubén Domínguez González
  • Hernando Zuleta

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es contribuir a identificar el efecto de las remesas que envían los emigrantes a sus comunidades de origen en México. Del mismo modo, se estudia el efecto que la participación de la mujer tiene en este proceso. La fuente de información es el Consejo Nacional de Población de México CONAPO y contiene variables a nivel estatal y municipal para el ano 2000. La base de datos contiene índices de desarrollo humano, intensidad migratoria y remesas para los 2443 municipios mexicanos. La evidencia empírica sugiere que las remesas tienen un impacto positivo sobre los niveles de desarrollo de las comunidades receptoras. No obstante, la relación entre remesas y desarrollo es no lineal. Adicionalmente, se encontró que el efecto positivo que tienen las remesas sobre el desarrollo es más alto cuando la cabeza de familia de los hogares receptores es mujer.**************************************************************************************************************We study the relationship between remittances and development from an empirical point of view. We also identify the role that non-migrant women play in this relationship. The source of information is Consejo Nacional de Población de México CONAPO. The data base contains Human Development Index, migratory intensity and remittances for the 2443 Mexican municipalities. The evidence suggests that remittances have a positive effect on development. However, the relationship is not linear. We also find that the positive effect of remittances is stronger when emigrants are men and the head of the receptor households are women.

Suggested Citation

  • Rubén Domínguez González & Hernando Zuleta, 2006. "Remesas y desarrollo económico. Un análisis empírico del caso mexicano," Documentos de Trabajo 003453, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:003453
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Antonio Spilimbergo & Gordon H. Hanson, 1999. "Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1337-1357, December.
    2. Borraz Fernando, 2005. "Assessing the Impact of Remittances on Schooling: the Mexican Experience," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-32, April.
    3. Stark, Oded & Taylor, J Edward, 1991. "Migration Incentives, Migration Types: The Role of Relative Deprivation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(408), pages 1163-1178, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remesas; Indices de Desarrollo Humano; Escolaridad; Mujer;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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